Common Types of Stone Surfaces and Finishes

Earlier on, we have covered 2 types of finishes- mainly flamed and polished. If you have missed it, you can scroll down to read more in details. You can also find videos of how flamed and polished surfaces are made.

Other than these 2 types of granite finishes, there are others which are commonly used in today’s context:

Polished

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Flamed

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Honed

Honed stone has a matte finish with a soft and more subdued look compared to polished surface. This is achieved at the factory by stopping just short of the last stage of polishing. One feature of honed marble is that it doesn’t show etching as readily, or wear patterns on floors. It is preferred by some because it is less formal, softer appearance than polished stone. In addition honed treatment works literally on all stones and for some such as schist and limestones, polish cannot be performed.

Honed surface is usually used for wall tiles and flooring purposes.

 

Bush hammered

These are commonly used in exterior and public areas where anti-slippery is on concern. Bush hammered surfaces can be seen in many areas, such as coverings, flooring, garden decoration.

Bush hammering will “grey out” or fade the color of the stone to an even greater extent than honing. This finish is rougher than leathering and more uniform. This finish can be done to most granites as the properties are harder.

 

Sandblasted

This textured surface can vary (like leathering- see below) based on the composition of the stone being blasted. Also other blast media (instead of sand) may be used creating differences in the end result. Blasting will also “grey out” or fade the color (even more so than honing). A blasted surface is extremely porous and will be very hard to keep clean. It is usually recommended for decorative use only, or specific theme or style which tells an ancient story/backdrop.

 

Saw Cut

Also called Factory cut or raw cut, this finish is put on the slab at the processing facility (factory) before being exported. This surface is readily for further treatment at work site if changes need to be made on the surfaces.

 

Chiselled

As the word implies, this surface is produced manually by using chisel and hammer and is used mainly in wall cladding and facades, and decorative purposes.

 

 Natural split

The finish reveals the actual nature earthy tone of the stone, which exhibits a very rough and corrugated appearance. Some common application for natural split are Walls, garden decoration and landscaping, and stonework and monuments.

 

Leathered

This finish adds literally texture to the surface. It closes the pores (compared to honing) and retains the color better than honing. However it is not near as reflective as a polished surface. Texture of such finishes varies from stone to stone and may not be suitable to extremely uniform stones. Leathering is preferred to honing for blacks and other very dark materials. Leathering starts with a honed surface and adds texture, and is a completely different process than river washed (see below).

 

River washed:

This finish is the pre-cursor to the leather finish. Before a slab can be river washed it must first be flamed. The river washing process simply smoothes out the roughness of the flamed finish. River washed surfaces are good for interior or decorative use and not recommended for countertops.

 

Tumbled:

This finish usually applies to marble tiles that are literally “tumbled” with sand, pebbles or steel bearings in order to create a weathered or distressed look. There is some texture as well as softening of edges on the finished tiles, whereby the edges are rounded and imperfect. Tumbled finish is ideal for a country rustic look, walls and floors, both interior and exterior.

 

Acid Treated

Stone surfaces are treated by acids to give them a spectacular antique look. Its feel is close to honed but with added texture that gives a slight friction on the surface. Stones of such finishes can be used for both walls and floors.

 

If you have enquiries about diferent types of stone finishes, feel free to drop us your questions Here!

Kim
San Teck International
www.san-teck.com

 

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