Types of Mosaics and Mosaics Laying Methods

Mosaic is the art of creating images or patterns using small pieces of colored glass, stone, or other materials

The earliest known mosaics date to around the eighth century BC, when the Greeks made mosaics with pebbles. The art form spread to the Romans as well, and it was used extensively in the internal decoration of homes and businesses. This craft can be used to decorate everything from chests of drawers to floors, and it has been a part of the artistic expression of many cultures all over the world.

In today’s world, mosaic designs can be seen in ornate mosaic tile floors to furnishings and sculpture covered in mosaic. Artisans often have very fine materials to work with, and they may include things like mirrors and vibrantly coloured glass to make their mosaics particularly eye-catching.

 Mosaics Types Mosaics Bathroom

What is mosaic made of?

Mosaic can be made of several materials such man-made (Ceramic, Vitreous tiles, Millefiori Tiles) or natural stone (Travertine, marble, granite, onyx, decorative stones) or glass (and Mirrored Glass) material. The most commonly used are glass and ceramic due to the durability and flexibility compared to natural stones as the latter has natural veins/lines which can crack if cut/processed in very small dimensions. The mosaic sizes vary according to the requirement of the picture. The most common dimensions are

–          25 x 25 mm (1” x 1”)
–          20 x 20 mm
–          15 x 15 mm
–          12 x 12 mm

The smaller the sizes, the more defined the mosaic design.

Mosaics- Household (cermaic) tiles Mosaics- Decorative Stones Moasics- Millefiori Tiles

Mosaics- Mirrored Glass Mosaics- Vitreous Tiles

Why Mosaic?

Due to its small bits, artists are able to design and create realistic art pieces and monuments with feel and reflections, compared to 2-D drawings and paintings. It not only adds elegance and grandeur in many occasions, it also portrays the culture and style of the place, era and people. With many choices of material to use, mosaic has become an icon in designing landscaping, commercial and residential sites.

More information can be found in my earlier blog on Choosing Mosaics for your Home. Click Here to find out more.

 

Cost of Mosaics

Due to production and design consideration, most ready-made mosaic designs are more costly than single colour tiles. The cost can varies 3-4 times more than a normal ceramic or homogeneous tile. As it comes in different sizes, the choices of design and permutations are far higher than single colour tiles. More often, the local shops offer various pre-designed tiles for renovators and home-buyers.

For customers who wish to make their own unique mosaic colour combination, it becomes trickier as this requires custom made and order. At San Teck International, we offer customers to choose the colour combinations on their chosen pictures. We will then send the colour classification to our factory for sample picture-setting. In this way, customer will be having his one and only piece.

 

Mosaics Laying Methods

There are 4 main methods: the direct method, the double direct method, the indirect method and the double indirect method.

Direct method

The direct method of mosaic construction involves directly placing (gluing) the individual tesserae onto the supporting surface. This method is well suited to surfaces that have a three-dimensional quality, such as vases. This was commonly adopted for the classical European walls and ceilings, in which the placements of the mosaics follow under the drawings of the main outlines on the wall below. However they are often revealed again when the mosaics fall away.

The direct method suits small projects that are portable. Another advantage of the direct method is that the resulting mosaic is progressively visible, allowing for any adjustments to tile color or placement.

The disadvantage of the direct method is that the artist must work directly and carefully at the chosen surface, which is often not practical for long periods of time, especially for larger scale projects. In addition, it is difficult to control the evenness of the finished surface. This is of particular importance when creating a functional surface such as a floor or a table top. Hence it is usually not recommended to use such method on normal pathways or heavy traffic passage ways.

Direct Laying Method Mosaic 1 Direct Laying Method Mosaic 2

Double Direct method

A modern version of the direct method, sometimes called “double direct,” is to work directly onto fiberglass mesh. The mosaics can then be constructed with the design visible on the surface and transported to its final location. Large work can be done in this way, with the mosaic being cut up for shipping and then reassembled for installation. It enables the artist to work in comfort in a studio rather than at the site of installation. These meshes usually come in 300 x 300mm dimension for easier handling. This is now the most common mosaic laying method in today’s market.

Double Direct Laying Method Mosaic (Back-Mesh) 1 Double Direct Laying Method Mosaic (Back-Mesh)2

 

Indirect method

The indirect method of applying tesserae is often used for very large projects, projects with repetitive elements or for areas needing site specific shapes. Tiles are applied face-down to a backing paper using an adhesive, and later transferred onto walls, floors or craft projects. This method is most useful for extremely large projects as it gives the maker time to rework areas. Mosaic murals, benches and tabletops are some of the items usually made using the indirect method, as it results in a smoother and more even surface.

Indirect Laying Method Mosaic 1 Indirect Laying Method Mosaic 2

 

Double indirect method

The double indirect method can be used when it is important to see the work during the creation process as it will appear when completed. The tesserae are placed face-up on a medium (often adhesive-backed paper, sticky plastic or soft lime or putty) as it will appear when installed. When the mosaic is complete, a similar medium is placed atop it. The piece is then turned over, the original underlying material is carefully removed, and the piece is installed as in the indirect method described above. In comparison to the indirect method, this is a complex system to use and requires great skill on the part of the operator, to avoid damaging the work. Its greatest advantage lies in the possibility of the operator directly controlling the final result of the work, which is important e.g. when the human figure is involved.

Double Indirect Laying Method Mosaic 1 Double Indirect Laying Method Mosaic 2

 

Kim

San Teck International

www.san-teck.com

Choosing Mosaics for your Home

Why Mosaics?

Adding Mosaic tiles to uniform coloured ceramic tiles can create miracles to the overall feel in your home, be it in the kitchen, bathroom, living room and also individual rooms, creating greater ambience and artistic feel for homeowners. There are myriad choices in choosing the mosaic tiles as they come in numerous designs and patterns, and in many sizes. Below are the common ones to consider.

 

What Is Mosaic?

Before going in depth to the different type of Mosaics, what exactly is the term Mosaics mean?

According to Wikipedia, Mosaic is the art of creating images with an assemblage of small pieces of coloured glass, stone, or other materials. It may be a technique of decorative art, an aspect of interior decoration, or of cultural and spiritual significance as in a cathedral. Small pieces, mostly roughly square, of stone or glass of different colours are used to create a pattern or picture.

Uses of Mosaics dated millenniums back, as early as 1500 B.C. based on excavation results.  Mosaics have been use extensively in many cultures and civilisations, and for many different purposes. Literally, mosaics can be seen in almost all faucets of lives, playing roles both signatory as single unique attraction, and complementary to blend and accentuate the main artwork.

 

How are Mosaics compatible?

In Today’s context, mosaics uses are prevalent in many ways, playing both the main and/or supporting role in an artwork. In the local Interior Design’s world, Mosaic uses are never a miss. They are fitted in areas that are subtle and not huge in volume, yet cleverly accentuate the design and theme. On the other hand, Mosaic, when used as a main artwork, brings out the unique taste and feel of the designers or homeowner. Be it a mosaic Roman art piece or even a patterned mosaic design, it reveals how the owner feels and appreciates art. Mosaics are never out-dated, hence with clever and creative use of it, it can create myriad forms of imagination and creation, which allows homes to look uniquely different and stand out from the rest.

 

Types of Mosaics

 

Glass Mosaics

Glass Mosaics come in more colours than one can imagine. Homeowners can choose between mosaic blends or solid colours, paper faced, mesh mounted, or even dot mounted tiles, and in many sizes. Glass tile finishes might include iridescent, translucent or the standard glossy finish that is most commonly found on today’s glass tile products. Custom blends of mosaic tile are often available where the customer can choose any pairing of colours by specifying the percentages of each colour they want used in their blend. For instance, at San Teck International, we offer custom blends DIYs of our glass mosaic tile line as well as several other tile lines available on our site.

Glass Mosaics-Contemporary Wall Glass Mosaics- Modern Bathroom Wall Glass Mosaics- Bathroom Wall Glass Mosaics- Red Contemporary Wall

Uses: Glass Mosaics can be used prevalently in most settings, in bathrooms, kitchen walls, living rooms and bedrooms. With its translucent properties, glass mosaics are used in indoor setups and cosy areas to refract and reflect lightings shone upon them, making the whole an intimate and warm feel in homes and restaurants.

Due to the vibrant colours and shiny properties, it is used in outdoor as well, to liven and complement garden landscapes. Glass mosaics can be laid on the surroundings of fountains, and with appropriate lightings, it can create magnificent atmosphere for different occasions.

Try not to use Glass Mosaics on barefoot pavement, as they are considered on the brittle end of the spectrum, preferably not for heavy duty walking. There is a possibility of cracking which may cause unnecessary hindrance, rework and safety hazards. Also one of of the biggest drawbacks to using mosaic glass tiles is the price. As there are many colours to choose from, the price range can go high for attractive colours, and repeating patterns can cost as much as $100 for a single square foot of the design.

 

Ceramic Mosaics

Ceramic Mosaics are widely used in today’s context as it provide stable and uniform colours, suitable for pattern creations. They are commonly used in kitchens and bathrooms, with the emphasis of durability and simple aesthetics functionality. Ceramic Mosaics can come in different sizes, from 12mm x 12mm to 25mm x 25mm.

Ceramic Mosaics in Living Room Wall Ceramic Mosaics in Restroom

Ceramic Mosaics- Floral Pheony Ceramic Mosaics-Flooring

Uses: Ceramic Mosaics can be used in many settings, in bathrooms, kitchen walls, living rooms and bedrooms and also outdoor due to its durability. Swimming Pools mosaics are commonly made using ceramic, as they are less brittle. The sizes of such ceramic mosaics can be made bigger to suit the requirements. In addition, Ceramic mosaics are easily available due to lower material costs.

Try not to use Ceramic mosaics with the same colour! It causes mosaics to lose its charm, especially ceramic mosaics, as the properties are uniformity in colour- this will not exude the true art piece. Moderation use of mosaics not only accentuates the theme, but also creates space observance in seemingly smaller living units.

 

Stone Mosaics

Stone Mosaics are used in both outdoor and indoor settings. Areas such as poolside, patio, common and pedestrian walkways, indoors walls in commercial and residential buildings use natural stone mosaics to increase and match themes and specific ambience. The common stone mosaics are Travertine, and Marble, onyx, pebbles granite and slate. Due to its nature properties compared to man-made ones, they can be crafted to different lengths and shapes to match clients’ needs.

Natural Stone Mosaics- Roman Wheel Natural Stone Mosaics- Travertine Wall

Natural Stone Mosaics- Special Shape Marble Natural Stone Mosaics- Special Shapes

Granite Mosaics Pavement- Circle Granite Mosaics Pavement- Square

Uses: Due to its natural properties, random veins lines and patterns can be used in many avenues: It allows art pieces such as Roman Mosaics patterns to be filled with a touch of liveliness with its fine lines and contours. Commercial uses of such stones are adopted as they have natural slip resistance to an extent, which gives passengers and viewers a real touch of nature in cosmopolitan living.

Try not to use Stone mosaics for overly small dimensions due to the nature of the stone- there are veins and lines which can crack under intense pressure, as the stone strength are uneven.

 

Other uses of Mosaics

Beside wall and floor mosaics, Mosaics can be used to create Wash basin, featured wall designs and many more.  When it comes to mosaics, Imagination can be made reality.

Travertine Mosaics Basin Mixed Travertine Mosaics Basin

 

Kim
San Teck International
www.san-teck.com

Common Types of Stone Surfaces and Finishes

Earlier on, we have covered 2 types of finishes- mainly flamed and polished. If you have missed it, you can scroll down to read more in details. You can also find videos of how flamed and polished surfaces are made.

Other than these 2 types of granite finishes, there are others which are commonly used in today’s context:

Polished

See my blog Here

 

Flamed

See my blog Here

Honed

Honed stone has a matte finish with a soft and more subdued look compared to polished surface. This is achieved at the factory by stopping just short of the last stage of polishing. One feature of honed marble is that it doesn’t show etching as readily, or wear patterns on floors. It is preferred by some because it is less formal, softer appearance than polished stone. In addition honed treatment works literally on all stones and for some such as schist and limestones, polish cannot be performed.

Honed surface is usually used for wall tiles and flooring purposes.

 

Bush hammered

These are commonly used in exterior and public areas where anti-slippery is on concern. Bush hammered surfaces can be seen in many areas, such as coverings, flooring, garden decoration.

Bush hammering will “grey out” or fade the color of the stone to an even greater extent than honing. This finish is rougher than leathering and more uniform. This finish can be done to most granites as the properties are harder.

 

Sandblasted

This textured surface can vary (like leathering- see below) based on the composition of the stone being blasted. Also other blast media (instead of sand) may be used creating differences in the end result. Blasting will also “grey out” or fade the color (even more so than honing). A blasted surface is extremely porous and will be very hard to keep clean. It is usually recommended for decorative use only, or specific theme or style which tells an ancient story/backdrop.

 

Saw Cut

Also called Factory cut or raw cut, this finish is put on the slab at the processing facility (factory) before being exported. This surface is readily for further treatment at work site if changes need to be made on the surfaces.

 

Chiselled

As the word implies, this surface is produced manually by using chisel and hammer and is used mainly in wall cladding and facades, and decorative purposes.

 

 Natural split

The finish reveals the actual nature earthy tone of the stone, which exhibits a very rough and corrugated appearance. Some common application for natural split are Walls, garden decoration and landscaping, and stonework and monuments.

 

Leathered

This finish adds literally texture to the surface. It closes the pores (compared to honing) and retains the color better than honing. However it is not near as reflective as a polished surface. Texture of such finishes varies from stone to stone and may not be suitable to extremely uniform stones. Leathering is preferred to honing for blacks and other very dark materials. Leathering starts with a honed surface and adds texture, and is a completely different process than river washed (see below).

 

River washed:

This finish is the pre-cursor to the leather finish. Before a slab can be river washed it must first be flamed. The river washing process simply smoothes out the roughness of the flamed finish. River washed surfaces are good for interior or decorative use and not recommended for countertops.

 

Tumbled:

This finish usually applies to marble tiles that are literally “tumbled” with sand, pebbles or steel bearings in order to create a weathered or distressed look. There is some texture as well as softening of edges on the finished tiles, whereby the edges are rounded and imperfect. Tumbled finish is ideal for a country rustic look, walls and floors, both interior and exterior.

 

Acid Treated

Stone surfaces are treated by acids to give them a spectacular antique look. Its feel is close to honed but with added texture that gives a slight friction on the surface. Stones of such finishes can be used for both walls and floors.

 

If you have enquiries about diferent types of stone finishes, feel free to drop us your questions Here!

Kim
San Teck International
www.san-teck.com

 

Marble Samples Available

Wondering how the actual marble looks and feel like? San Teck International currently has a collection of marble samples for homebuyers, contractor and renovators to choose from. The origins of these samples come from different part of the world- China, Italy, and other european countries. These samples come in small size of 7×5 cm which facilitates easy carry and we also provide sample boards for presentation and comparison.

Marble are commonly used as floor tiles in residential and commercial areas, wall tiles and vanity tops. Marble surfaces are usually polished to retain and exhibit her luxurious and natural feel.

These are samples that we currently hold. Scroll over them and you can find the name of the marble.

Once you have chosen the material, we will order them from our factory and direct import to a temporary warehouse for dry laying and viewing. In this way, we save of all storage and rental charges and translate the savings to you. Better Price without Quality Loss. When customers are happy, we are happy too.

Why wait, if you need these samples, simple click Contact Us and we will arrange for delivery. If you have other granites in mind- do let us know and we can cater for express courier of the sampels for your viewing.

 

Kim
San Teck International
www.san-teck.com

Granite Samples Available

Wondering how the actual granite looks and feel like? San Teck International currently has a collection of granite samples for homebuyers, contractor and renovators to choose from. The origins of these samples come from different part of the world- China, Spain, Norway, India and other european countries. These samples come in small size of 10x8cm which facilitates easy carry and we also provide sample boards for presentation and comparison.

Granites are widely used in many purposes- Flooring for residential and commercial, kitchen and vanity countertops, stone basins and other stone monuments such as Sculptures, Fountains, stone bench,staircases and pillars. Granite surfaces can be treated for different uses such as safet anti-slip surafce, luxury glossy look or simple bold natural feel

These are samples that we currently hold. Scroll over them and you can find the name of the granite at the link

Once you have chosen the material, we will order them from our factory and direct import to your destination. In this way, we save of all storage and rental charges and translate the savings to you. Better Price without Quality Loss. When customers are happy, we are happy too.

Why wait, if you need these samples, simple click Contact Us and we will arrange for delivery. If you have other granites in mind- do let us know and we can cater for express courier of the sampels for your viewing.

 

Kim
San Teck International
www.san-teck.com

 

 

San Teck International: Project Credentials

Project Credentials

Through our sister company, Five Brothers Co Ltd, we have successfully created new homes and communities in various cities, providing long lasting and prominent identities. Our projects span from Asia including Singapore, Japan and China, as well as to the European cities. Below are some of the major ones that we have completed:

 

Singapore

 

Kong Hock Keng Temple, Telok Blangah

Involvement: Supply of Engraved Granite Fences, Pillars and Stairs. Handcrafted engraving with dragon and floral designs on all fences and walls, spanning more than 70m around the frontal and side of temple

Type of stone used: Green Stone (Qing Shi) Granite for fences and pillars; G654 for staircases

Completion Date: August 2012

 

Top View of Kong Hock Keng Temple

       

Granite Signage Board                                           Main Staircase- Using G654 Stone

   
Floral Engraved Fences                                   Engraved Dragon design (Cut Through) Fences

 

Japan

 

Japan Milk Factory

Involvement: Customized Sculptures, Fountains, Stone Tables

Type of stone used: Various Granite stones used

Completion Date: September 2006

   

     

                           Customised Sculptures, Fountain and Pavements

 Qing Long Temple, Japan

Involvement: Customized Sculptures, Staircases, Temple pillars

Type of stone used: Various Granite stones used

Completion Date: September 2007

 

    

Customised Sculpture and Pillars

 

    

        Customised Wooden Engraved Statues, Granite Staircases and Customised Altar

 

 

China

 

Xiamen Golf Resort (41 Resort Bungalows)

Involvement: Installation of the Exterior Wall, Supply of Wall tiles and Raw Materials

Type of stone used: G682 Polished and Bush Hammered Surface; Sculpture/Craving

Completion Date: Estimated Dec 2012

Granite Stone Exterior

 

Granite Stone Exterior and Engraving on Wall

 
 

Xiang-An Procuratorate, Xiamen

Involvement: Installation of the Exterior Wall and Supply of Wall tiles

Type of stone used: G696 Bush Hammered Surface

Completion Date: November2011

 


Supply of Granite Exterior Wall Tiles

 

Putian Theatre, Putian

Involvement: Installation of the Exterior Wall and Supply of Wall tiles

Type of stone used: G687 Flamed Surface

Completion Date: May 2010

 


Overview of Putian theatre


Supply of Granite Wall Tiles

 

 

Lan Feng City Garden, Jinjiang

Involvement: Installation of the Exterior Wall and Supply of Wall tiles

Type of stone used: Baltic Brown Polished Surface

Completion Date: September 2009

 

     

Lan Feng City- Entrance

      

Installation of the Granite Exterior Wall and Pillars

 

 

Li Long Spandex Co Ltd, Xiamen

Involvement: Installation of the Exterior Wall and Supply of Wall tiles

Type of stone used: G602 Bush Hammered Surface

Completion Date: September 2008

 


Li Long Spandex Co Ltd


Europe

 

Countries: Germany, Spain, Poland

Involvement: Customized staircases; Vanity and Countertops, Granite pavements; tombstones

Type of stone used: Various Granite stones used

 

          Staircases for Germany Customers

 

Kitchen Countertops


Granite Flooring

 

  
Customised Bench                                          Customised Tombstone

San Teck International is a sister company with familial relationship with Five Brothers Stone Co. Ltd (厦门五庆石业有限公司), an established stone supplier based in Xiamen, China. With the launching of both companies, we are confident that this dynamic collaboration will open new doors for us, to provide our customers with far-sighted solutions, good business prospects, and most importantly, a sense of kinship and community.

We have two factories in Southern China, in Huian (1996) and Nanan (2006). These two factories are situated near to Xiamen, Fujian, which is best known for stone trading. We handle every project professionally, with the highest quality standard in the production process- selection of raw materials, production and packaging for container shipment.

To find out more about us, our products and projects, please visit our website http://www.san-teck.com. For enquiries, feel free to drop us an email @ Contact Us

 

Kim
San Teck International
www.san-teck.com

Edge Finishes

Know about Edge Finishes

In general, corners and edges that tilers come across in the work place can be finished with a metal or plastic profile, however on stone this isn’t always the best finish. Natural stone does not combine well with manmade materials and profiles are not made to accommodate stone tile thickness are just a couple of reasons why edges and corners may need some extra skills.

 

Where can I find an Edge Finish?

Generally, most of us are unaware that such edges finishes are crafted and polished delicately to match on most flat surfaces such as Kitchen countertop, Pavement sides, Reception counter, Table tops etc.

Different edge profiles require different amounts of time for cutting, shaping, and polishing. Hence the more ornate the edge, the more finishing time required is required, and this also translate into higher cost. However the cost of edge finishes is a fraction of the whole raw material cost, most importantly it needs to fit the owner’s requirement.

Examples of Edge Finish ( a full list can at be found at the end of this pos*)

Bullnose, Bevel, Eased, Ogee are some types of edge finishes. Hold on, what are these awkward words again? These edges terminologies are usually foreign to homeowners who just want to make sure that the finished product is pleasant to the eyes, matching to the whole settings and to some with toddlers, safe corners in mind. Well, a picture depicts a thousand words-

 

Pencil

You may find this familiar whenever you are queuing up to pay for the bills at a restaurant reception countertop; or have a peek at your kitchen countertop, it is usually of such edge finish.

 

 

 

 

¼ Bevel

Commonly used in Contemporary settings for young couples, these are seen in bar/beverage table tops.

 

 

 

 

 

Pencil Round

A typical table top edge finish- eludes a hint of smoothness compared to cold “pencil” edge finish.

 

 

 

 

 

½ Bevel

Commonly used in corners of kitchen countertop- a touch of classical style seen in earlier times…but beware of toddlers and kids running and hopping these areas as these are slightly sharp edges that could hurt them.

 

 

 

 

 

Full Bullnose

The most common of all Edge finishes- this type is used mostly in table tops and kitchen countertops by homeowners with kids- the round edges prevent quite a few bumping and poking accidents from happening!

 

 

 

 

¼ Round, Top and Bottom

This is a Simple and Elegant way of shaping any the edges of a stone.

 

 

 

 

 

 

¼ Bevel, Top and Bottom

A slight chisel off at the top and bottom gives a simple table top an elevated feel of sophistication.

 

 

 

 

 

 

½ Bullnose

Another typical and friendly edge finish for almost all types of table and kitchen countertops.

 

 

 

 

 

Ogee

Ogee edge finishes are seen usually in classical and archetypal setting and restaurants. It makes the dinner table enlarged and elevated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chiseled

Rough corner- typically observed in parks and gardens as part of stone table tops and bench tops; these edges can withstand rough weathers and handling.

 

 

 

 

 

Waterfall

As the name implies, this edge are also used as kitchen countertop and if the playdoh needs additional waterfall shapes, you can use them!

 

 

 

 

 

Cove

These edges are seen in common Asian homes for putting as part of altar tops and shoe cupboard.

 

 

 

 

 

Importance of Edge Finishes

Edge selection should not be taken lightly as it affects the following areas

Overall Feel/ Design

There are many ways to “finish” an edge. Ranging from simple, yet contemporary and popular like ¼ Round, ¼ Bevel, Half Bullnose, Ogee, through fancy and elegant like Dupont, Cove, Flat Ogee, Ogee Bull, and finally elaborate and sophisticated like Waterfall, Cove Dupont, Cove Ogee, and Platner, to name just a few of them.

Do you want your settings to be contemporary and modern? Or you prefer classical and medieval touch. These edges, though not significantly considered compared to other major decisions such as tiles/stones selection and surface finishes, edge finishes do subtly add on to the overall feel of the whole setting.

Safety

Unknowingly, kids and toddles fall down thousands of time during their short span of growing up phase. And most happen in the house while they walk, run, hop and jump, to name a few actions. To create a home safe for them and yet fit the setting that parents want, there are certain edge finishes which render both. Parents do need to consider getting a safer option-round edges such as  bullnoses are usually the common options. Better be safe than sorry.

 

Last words…

Each edge offers its unique look and feel and hence should be carefully selected for your application. For any enquiries, you can drop us a note at Enquiries– we are glad to share as a direct importer of natural stone for kitchen countertops.

 

Kim
San Teck International
www.san-teck.com

 

Full List of Edges

 

 

 

 

Granite Surface Treatment Process: Flamed Method

Having seen the polished method for granite surface treatment, this is yet another video on the flamed method. Commonly used in commercial and outdoor pavement, flamed surface granite is sought after for its anit-slip properties and uniform texture and colour tonation.

Flamed surface granite is often seen in public areas such as MRTs and civil buildings, as well as in shopping malls, interior and exterior. This complement fully with polished granite tiles, as the rough surfaces allows pestrians to walk with a peace of mind if there is excessive slippery surfaces due to wet conditions. Flamed surface granites are also seen in staircases, landscaping stone and stone sculptures, as they can withstand changing weather conditions and some still gives a rustic, natural feel.

 

I took a video on the flaming process during one of the factory visits. You can view it in you tube at the link Granite Stone Surface Treatment Process: Flamed Method

Flamed methods requires primiarly labour intensive hours and consistent level of flaming skills and techniques. In order to operate in an efficient manner, there needs to ample space and labour to carry these works. Depending on customers’ requirement, the surface treatment masters will scorch the surface 1 or 2 times, to achieve the required roughness. At times, there could be other requirements such as Brushed and Flamed finishes- this means that the masters will need to use metal brush or machine equivalent to apply on the surface after it has been flamed, and vice versa.

Taken into consideration of the high labour cost and land/rental cost in Singapore, San Teck International’s orders are made directly in our factories in Fujian China, and shipped over to various parts of the world. This reduces significant costs to our customers which translate to more savings, and also with our factories capability, we are able to deliver to customers with the shortest lead time at no quality loss.

For more enquries about stone surfaces, you can drop us a note at Enquiries and we are most willing to share!

 

Kim
San Teck International
www.san-teck.com

Granite Surface Treatment Process: Polished Method

Ever fascinated by the shiny pavements that you walk/step on everyday- in shopping malls, in the subways/MRT? Wonder what are these made of? These commercial or common areas are mostly laid with natural stone such as Granite or Marble, as well as Engineered Material such as Quartz or Minicrsytal Stone. For in instance, the tiles used on MRT are made of granite as there are certain guidelines to follow such as anti- slip properties (this can be achieved using rough surfaces- which you can see the process in the next blog), and also to have uniform aesthetic look by having the same material with different surface treatments such as polished surface.

Granite Polished Surface in Raffles Place MRT

 

Changi T2 Granite Polished Flooring

 

Granite Polished Surface in Underground MRT

In this section, find out more about how polish surface is being made in one of our factories by clicking on the Youtube video. (Granite Surface Treatment Process: Polish Surface).  This short video is an abstract/overview of some of the stages captured during the polish treatment process.

The whole process requires huge machineries, intensive labour resources, and also ample workspace to work in. Taken into consideration of the high labour cost and land/rental cost in Singapore, San Teck International’s orders are made directly in our factories in Fujian China, and shipped over to various parts of the world. This reduces significant costs to our customers which translate to more savings, and also with our factories capability, we are able to deliver to customers with the shortest lead time at no quality loss.

For more enquries about stone surfaces, you send us your Enquiries here and we are most willing to share!

 

Kim
San Teck International
www.san-teck.com

San Teck International marks its First Commercial Project in Singapore

San Teck International has successfully completed its first commercial project in Singapore on August 2012. Incoporated in September 2011, San Teck International is priviledged and honoured in the involvement for the the supply of Granite fences, pillars and staircase tiles to Kong Hock Keng Temple, a 50 year old temple at Telok Blangah Drive Singapore.

The work involves the supply of Green Granite fences and pillars, which requires all to be hand-engraved. A total length of more than 70m of delicate hand crafting on both surfaces, coupled with customized length range from 1.4 m to 2.1m, increase the complexity and difficulty of the work. Moreover, unlike other common granite stones which yield more than 90% success rate, green granite is limited in supply as the attrition rate (wastage) amount to 50% in stone mining- hence making this stone precious and highly sought after in sculpture making, especially in temples. Each fence and pillar is carefully measured, engraved and of the highest quality assured.

The engraving comes in all forms- from floral to birds and plants, symbolizes the serene, tranquility and peace of nature. Together with engrave-through dragon patterns at the frontal side of the temple, gives Kong Hock Keng a majestic and grand aura around the vicinity. Each fence is carefully handicraft by engraving masters in Xiamen, China, famously known for stone trading and industry.

San Teck International is privileged to contribute the granite staircases and signage board as a token of gratification and goodwill to the temple, as we believe in giving back to the community.

For enquiries on this project and other project credentials, please visit our website at www.san-teck.com or drop us a mail at enquiry@san-teck.com

 

Kim
San Teck International
www.san-teck.com